Molecular Medicine 2013

Emerging Role of High-Mobility Group Box 1 (HMGB1) in Liver Diseases

Ruochan Chen, Wen Hou, Qiuhong Zhang, Rui Kang, Xue-Gong Fan, and Daolin Tang

Damage-associated molecular pattern (DAMP) molecules are essential for the initiation of innate inflammatory responses to infection and injury. The prototypic DAMP molecule, high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), is an abundant architectural chromosomal protein that has location-specific biological functions: within the nucleus as a DNA chaperone, within the cytosol to sustain autophagy and outside the cell as a DAMP molecule. Recent research indicates that aberrant activation of HMGB1 signaling can promote the onset of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, raising interest in the development of therapeutic strategies to control their function. The importance of HMGB1 activation in various forms of liver disease in relation to liver damage, steatosis, inflammation, fibrosis, tumorigenesis and regeneration is discussed in this review. 

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Posted by Leah Caracappa on Nov 22, 2013 11:14 AM CST