Molecular Medicine 2015

BACE-1, PS-1 And SAPPa Levels Are Increased In Plasma From Sporadic Inclusion Body Myositis Patients: Surrogate Biomarkers Among Inflammatory Myopathies

Marc Catalán-García, Glòria Garrabou, Constanza Morén, Mariona Guitart-Mampel, Ingrid Gonzalez-Casacuberta, Adriana Hernando, Jose Miquel Gallego-Escuredo, Dèlia Yubero, Francesc Villarroya, Raquel Montero, Albert Selva O-Callaghan, Francesc Cardellach, and Josep Maria Grau

Sporadic inclusion body myositis (sIBM) is a rare disease that is difficult to diagnose. Muscle biopsy provides three prominent pathological findings: inflammation, mitochondrial abnormalities and fibber degeneration, represented by the accumulation of protein depots constituted by β-amyloid peptide, among others. We aim to perform a screening in plasma of circulating molecules related to the putative etiopathogenesis of sIBM to determine potential surrogate biomarkers for diagnosis. Plasma from 21 sIBM patients and 20 age- and gender-paired healthy controls were collected and stored at –80°C. An additional population of patients with non-sIBM inflammatory myopathies was also included (nine patients with dermatomyositis and five with polymyositis). Circulating levels of inflammatory cytokines (interleukin [IL]-6 and tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-α), mitochondrial-related molecules (free plasmatic mitochondrial DNA [mtDNA], fibroblast growth factor-21 [FGF-21] and coenzyme-Q10 [CoQ]) and amyloidogenic-related molecules (beta-secretase-1 [BACE-1], presenilin-1 [PS-1], and soluble Aβ precursor protein [sAPPβ]) were assessed with magnetic bead–based assays, real-time polymerase chain reaction, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC). Despite remarkable trends toward altered plasmatic expression of inflammatory and mitochondrial molecules (increased IL-6, TNF-α, circulating mtDNA and FGF-21 levels and decreased content in CoQ), only amyloidogenic degenerative markers including BACE-1, PS-1 and sAPPβ levels were significantly increased in plasma from sIBM patients compared with controls and other patients with non-sIBM inflammatory
myopathies (p < 0.05). Inflammatory, mitochondrial and amyloidogenic degeneration markers are altered in plasma of sIBM patients confirming their etiopathological implication in the disease. Sensitivity and specificity analysis show that BACE-1, PS-1 and sAPPβ represent a good predictive noninvasive tool for the diagnosis of sIBM, especially in distinguishing this disease from polymyositis.

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Posted by Sheila Platt on Feb 22, 2016 1:45 PM CST