Molecular Medicine Volume 11

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The Role of AEBP1 in Sex-Specific Diet-Induced Obesity

Lei Zhang, Shannon P Reidy, Tara E Nicholson, Hyun-Jeong Lee, Amin Majdalawieh, Chris Webber, Bruce R Stewart, Peter Dolphin, and Hyo-Sung Ro

Obesity is an important risk factor for heart disease, diabetes, and certain cancers, but the molecular basis for obesity is poorly understood. The transcriptional repressor AEBP1, which functions as a negative regulator of PTEN through a protein–protein interaction, is highly expressed in the stromal compartment of adipose tissues, including proliferative preadipocytes, and its expression is abolished in terminally differentiated, nonproliferative adipocytes. Here we show that transgenic overexpression of AEBP1 during adipogenesis coupled with a high-fat diet (HFD) resulted in massive obesity in female transgenic (AEBP1TG) mice via adipocyte hyperplasia. AEBP1 levels dynamically changed with aging, and HFD induced AEBP1 expression in females. Thus, HFD-fed AEBP1TG females display hyperinduction of AEBP1 and a marked reduction of PTEN level with concomitant hyperactivation of the survival signal in white adipose tissue. Our results suggest that AEBP1 plays a key functional role in in vivo modulation of adiposity via fatcell proliferation and is involved in a sex-specific susceptibility to diet-induced obesity by the estrogen signaling pathway. 

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Posted by MolMed Admin on May 1, 2005 12:00 AM CDT